Oil & Gas - Water Quality
Improved technology developments in directional drilling and hydraulic fracturing, more commonly known as "fracking," have resulted in an oil and gas production boom nationwide. In October 2013, the U.S. Energy Information Administration announced that the United States would surpass Russia and Saudi Arabia as the world’s largest producer of oil and natural gas by the end of the year. The boom has resulted in oil and gas development in regions unaccustomed to the industry as well as in regions that have a century-long relationship with oil and gas extraction. Nonetheless, the rapid development of oil and gas wells has sparked concern for public health related to oil and gas development.
Because of the number of water quality statutes and regulations, the database is divided into five different stages of oil and gas activities: Permitting, Design, & Construction, Well Drilling, Well Completion, Production & Operation, and Reclamation. While this database focuses on water quality, in the coming months databases for air quality and water quantity will be added.